What Causes Suicide?
Research shows that approximately 95% of people who have died by suicide were suffering from a mental illness at the time. Many troubling and difficult situations make a teen to consider suicide. The same situation can also make a adult to think about suicide. Youth suicide is when a young person, generally categorized as someone below the legal age of majority, deliberately ends their own life(youth suicide).
Suicide occurs more often in older than in younger people, but is still one of the leading causes of death in late childhood and adolescence worldwide. This not only results in a direct loss of many young lives, but also has disruptive psychological and adverse socio-economic effects.
This mini review gives a short overview of the most important risk factors for late school-age children and adolescents, as established by scientific research in this domain. Key risk factors found were: mental disorders, previous suicide attempts, specific personality characteristics, genetic loading and family processes in combination with triggering psychological stressors, exposure to inspiring models and availability of means of committing suicide
Warning Symptoms Of Suicide In Youth
Never ignore the warning symptoms that a young person may be thinking about suicide. Common warning symptoms, behaviour and feelings of suicide include:
- feeling hopelessness
- feeling worthless
- feeling alone, like no-one understands
- showing a drastic change in mood or behaviour
- being more antagonist and tetchy
- talking about dying a lot, or making arrangements for when they are dead
- possessing weapons, sharp objects or medication
- self-harming (such as cutting their veins)
- doing risky things
- using a lot of alcohol or illicit drugs
- sleep whole time
- no fear of anything
Factors that Put Youth at an Increased Risk for Suicidal Idea’s:
- LGBTQ youth
- Depression, worry, and other mental health disorders
- Substance abuse
- History of sexual or physical abuse
- Low self-esteem
- Academic struggles
- youth lacking social and family support
- Family history of suicide.
- Introvert behavior of child who can not share his feeling with anyone
How to Communicate With a Depressed Youth:
Depression will not go away on its own. Left untreated, depression can be very harmful and can result in suicidal ideation. If you suspect that your teen is depressed, it’s important to open up a dialogue in an honest and non-judgmental way. You want to convey to your teen that you are there to help him/her, no matter the triggers beneath the depression.
Listen more than you speak
Judging, criticizing, and/or trying to fix the “problem” with an endless list of practical solutions will only push your teen away. Depression is not a problem to be solved; it is a disease to be healed. One of the best things you can do is listen to your teen and provide emotional support.
Your teen’s problems feel profuse to your teen. Resist the urge to gloss over troubling situations or say things like, “This will seem like no big deal when you’re older.” Meet your teen where he is today and acknowledge his feelings and stress.
Be persistent to come out him/he from depression:
If your teen is accustomed to hiding her emotions and problems, she might not open up during the first conversation. Talking about depression isn’t a one-time conversation. In fact, it can feel very overwhelming. Keep the door open and be present and available.
Trust your instincts:
If your teen denies a depressed mood but your instinct tells you that something isn’t right, talk to your teen about getting additional support. The important thing is for your teen to have a trusted source to talk to during this time, and professional help can bridge the communication gap.
Prevention Of Suicide
The person who may be depressed should discuss with their doctor the medication choice and how to take it, as well as the potential side effects. Sometimes there is the need to try a few different medications before finding the one that gives the best result with minimum side effects.
When the optimal dose with the best medication is achieved, the antidepressant may take from 4–12 weeks to achieve maximum benefit, but it is possible for one or two symptoms to improve in the first few weeks.
Beyond medicines, specific types of psychotherapies have been proven effective for treating depression. These are usually short term lasting from 12–16 weeks and they are formalized and interactive. Sessions may take place one to two times a week with a professional who has been specifically trained and certified in the treatment they are using.
If the depression does not respond to treatment or if it is very severe or if psychotic symptoms appear, there are additional treatments that should be used. The oldest and best studied is electroconvulsive therapy, a treatment that can be given as an out or inpatient, but requires anesthesia and the delivery of a small electric current to the brain. It is remarkably effective but can have side effects, which the doctors are working to reduce.
Treatment for bipolar disorder
Another high risk group is people with bipolar disorder, which is characterized by mood swings from high (manic) to low (depressed), often with periods of feeling normal between. Those with bipolar disorder are at greatest risk for suicide when they are in a depression or have a mixed mood state.
Conclusions(suicide reason in youth)
Most people with suicide ideation, plans and attempts receive no treatment. This is a consistent and pervasive finding, especially in low-income countries. Improving the receipt of treatment worldwide will have to take into account culture-specific factors that may influence the process of help-seeking.